Located at the entrance to the Pearl River, from the Han and Tang periods it was the starting point of the "Silk Road on the Sea" which linked China with the West.
Guangzhou was a major site of the Chinese revolution with events such as the Sanyuanli Struggle and the Guangzhou Uprising taking place there. Also, Mao Zedong established the Peasant Movement Institute which produced many important revolutionaries.
Chen Family Ancestral Temple
Built at the end of the 19th century during the Qing Dynasty by members of the Cheng family of Guangzhou province. The temple covers an area of 15000 square meters and consists of six courtyards, nine halls, and nineteen buildings.
The site is famous for its ornate decorations including historical figures and legends represented as carvings using wood, brick, pottery, lime, ash, stone and clay. The Chen Family Ancestral Temple is open to visitors from 08.30 AM to 5.20 PM entry costs 10¥.
Temple of Six Banyan Trees
One of the most famous Buddist temples it was completed in 537AD during the Liang Dynasty, destroyed by fire during the Northern Song Dynasty ( 960- 1127AD ) and completely rebuilt. The Flowery Pagoda was added in 1097 and is the dominating feature in the 8000 square meter temple at 57 meters and nine stories high.
A bronze column on the top of the Pagoda contains 1000 Buddhist sculptures. West of this Pagoda is the splendid Grand Hall which houses the 3 massive images of Sakyamuni, Amitabha and Maitreya each weighing 10 tons. The Temple of Six Banyan Trees is open to visitors from 8.30 AM to 5.50PM and entry costs 11¥.
Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall
Built in 1931 on the original site of Sun Yat-sen's Presidential Office, this memorial building was funded by both the people of Guangzhou and Chinese exiles to honour Sun Yat-sen. Born on November 12, 1866, Sun Yat-sen was the pioneer of China's revolution against the Qing government.
This visionary defined the famous "Three Principles of the People" which was his blueprint for a modern China - nationalism, democracy, and the social well-being of the people. The memorial hall was finished in 1983 and covers an area of 12,000 square meters.
The building itself is octagonal in shape, reaches 46 meters in height and has a splendid exterior and sumptous interior decorations. The Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall is open to visitors from 8.00 AM to 4.50PM and entry costs 20¥.
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